Reptiles snake, They rely on environmental temperature and humidity to maintain their body temperature for specific metabolic activities, an optimal temperature, which may vary diurnally and seasonally and by age and gender.
Maintain a daytime temperature of between 80 and 85 degrees and a nighttime temperature between 65 and 75 degrees
Reptiles snake, their metabolic rates are lower than those of mammals. And the lifespan of many reptiles can exceed 10–20 yr, requiring a long-term commitment from the owners.
Read also: Housing for Pet Snake, You Needs to Know
Nutrition for smaller snakes will eat baby mice (called “pinkies”) and medium to large snakes will eat either pinkies or adult mice. Larger snakes may require larger meals in the form of baby chicks or baby rabbits.
Prey size is usually proportional to snake size and should not be much larger in diameter than the snakehead.
Minced prey is sometimes, gel, or sausage form. Advantages include the ability to formulate and feed a nutritionally complete diet, to add a balanced vitamin and mineral mixture, and, if needed, to add antibiotics
Diseases of Snake
The diseases are common in reptiles and snake with most infections caused by in the absence of appropriate husbandry. Such as unhygienic condition results in immunosuppression disease and will ultimately fail.
Ulcerative or Dermatitis
Ulcerative dermatitis (scale rot) are seen in snakes and lizards kept in unhygienic conditions with excessive humidity and moisture. Moist, contaminated bedding allows bacterial and fungal growth that, as is the case with necrotic dermatitis in the ball python.
The disease can develop even when these animals are maintained under pristine conditions, so it is not simply a matter of excessive moisture and poor hygiene.
Treatment with systemic antibiotics, topical antibiotic ointment, and excellent hygiene and husbandry are essential.
Infectious stomatitis is in the oral
In severe cases, the infection extends into the mandible and maxilla. Along with a variety of other gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Respiratory or GI infection may develop in poorly managed cases.
In severe cases with ulceration or granuloma formation, aggressive surgery may be indicated. Vitamin supplementation, especially with vitamins A and C, has been advocated
Infections associated with the eye are commonly seen in snakes, Conjunctivitis is seen in the snakes. And panophthalmitis and may occur as a result of ascending infectious stomatitis, snake
Examination of the eye reveals an accumulation of purulent and/or gaseous material in the spectacular space. Bilateral spectacular abscesses occur
Respiratory infections are common; the incidence can be influenced by respiratory or systemic parasitism, unfavorable environmental temperatures, unsanitary conditions, concurrent disease, malnutrition, Open-mouth breathing, nasal discharge, and dyspnea are frequent signs.
Treatment consists of improving husbandry and Nebulization therapy with antibiotics diluted in saline and respiratory infections should be maintained at of their preferred optimal temperatures.
Increased temperatures are important not only to stimulate the immune system
Osteomyelitis a chronic bacterial of the spine. Leading to dense, brittle bones. Chronic bacterial infections, most commonly involving Salmonella spp in snakes.
Long-term antibiotic therapy may be helpful, Diagnosis is by biopsy or blood
No matter what the species, it is important to never ignore the odd or unnatural behavior. This can often be a sign of something potentially serious, It is important to make sure that this is the right pet for you. Before even considering a pet snake for you.
Article source: reptiles